i-Chroma Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH)

Anti-Müllerian Hormone  (AMH) is a protein hormone that is important in the development of the reproductive tract in a male fetus and is also produced (before birth) by the testes and ovaries. About eight weeks after conception the human fetus has two sets of ducts, one of which can develop into the male reproductive tract and the other into the female reproductive tract.  
If the fetus is genetically male (XY chromosomes) then the embryonic testes will produce anti-Müllerian hormone. This causes the Müllerian (female) ducts to disappear – hence the term anti-Müllerian hormone, whilst testosterone produced by the testes causes the male (Wolffian) ducts to survive. The Wolffian ducts go on to develop into the different parts of the male reproductive system: the epididymis, the vas deferens, the seminal vesicles, and the prostate gland.
In a female fetus (XX chromosomes) the Wolffian ducts disappear (because of the lack of testosterone) and the Müllerian ducts develop into the fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), cervix and the upper part of the vagina.

Since ovarian follicles produce anti-Müllerian hormone in adulthood, measuring the levels of anti-Müllerian hormone in blood provides a way of estimating ovarian reserve in women. Consequently, anti-Müllerian hormone levels is routinely used to predict how well a woman is likely to respond to ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF) fertility treatment, and what doses of hormones should be used during IVF.

In women, anti-Müllerian hormone levels peak around puberty and remain relatively constant until after the menopause, when no follicles remain, and levels of anti-Müllerian hormone become low.

Measuring Range: 0.02-10 ng/ml
Sample Volume 100ul
CV <7%
Test time 12 minutes
Sample Type Serum/Plasma(Lithium)